I always like to check the new build settings and analyzer improvements of every Xcode release. And this year’s main release includes a couple of goodies. Let’s check them out!
From the current Xcode 8 beta 3 release notes:
‘Misuse of null’ or CLANG_ANALYZER_NONNULL
The static analyzer check for nullability violations supports both aggressive and less aggressive levels of checking. The more aggressive level checks for nullability violations in all calls
This is a very nice addition for anybody dealing with legacy Objective-C code and audited APIs. So remember to enable the more aggressive setting in your project as it won’t be enabled after your upgrade.
Most likely you’ll find that some APIs were not used correctly, and you’ll get more warnings. You should set it to
YES instead of
YES_NONAGRESSIVE for the most strict checking.
Remember you can revert (hopefully temporarily) to
YES_NONAGRESSIVE so you can make your code compile while you audit the analyzer warnings again.
New setting: CLANG_ANALYZER_OBJC_DEALLOC
The clang static analyzer now checks for improper cleanup of synthesized instance variables in -dealloc methods
Possibly a minor one, but remember that the analyzer could give you new false positives in legacy code. I couldn’t make it trigger in a test project, so I don’t really know what it will warn you about.
New build settings
New setting: SWIFT_ACTIVE_COMPILATION_CONDITIONS
“Active Compilation Conditions” is a new build setting for passing conditional compilation flags to the Swift compiler.
Previously, we had to declare your conditional compilation flags under OTHER_SWIFT_FLAGS, remembering to prepend “-D” to the setting. For example, to conditionally compile with a
1 2 3
The value to add to the setting
Now we only need to pass the value
MYFLAG to the new setting. Time to move all those conditional compilation values!
New settings: SWIFT_SUPPRESS_WARNINGS and SWIFT_TREAT_WARNINGS_AS_ERRORS
Two new build settings have been added to enable Swift compiler options: -suppress-warnings (SWIFT_SUPPRESS_WARNINGS) and -warnings-as-errors (SWIFT_TREAT_WARNINGS_AS_ERRORS).
Given the compiler will emit warnings, specially during transition periods to future versions of the language, it’s a good idea to turn this setting off temporarily. The default value for both is
NO, but I’m inclined to turn SWIFT_TREAT_WARNINGS_AS_ERRORS directly and solve issues straight away.
EMBEDDED_CONTENT_CONTAINS_SWIFT is deprecated
Basically this setting has been deprecated. See what it was doing here in the Apple technote. You might encounter problems when building your application so it’s worth upgrading to the new setting if you are using it.
The new build setting ALWAYS_EMBED_SWIFT_STANDARD_LIBRARIES replaces the use of EMBEDDED_CONTENT_CONTAINS_SWIFT. This setting indicates that Xcode should always embed Swift standard libraries in a target for which it has been set, whether or not the target contains Swift code.
I’m guessing these are changes preparing ahead of a binary compatible Swift 4 release. But otherwise I don’t see what the new build setting does differently.
If you’re like me and like to use xcconfig files then this new release has some small improvements as well. I’m very happy!
.xcconfig files support conditional inclusion of other .xcconfig files, using the syntax #include?
If you have a use case for this one, please let me know!
And the last, but not least:
Xcode takes build settings set in xcconfig files into account when suggesting updates to your build settings.